Tile for Stella McCartney store, 2002
London 2012 Olympic Torch, 2011
BarberOsgerbyFurniture + Interior Designers (1969- + 1969-)
Designs of the Year 2012
Edward Barber and Jay Osgerby founded their eponymous studio in 1996 after graduating with Master’s degrees in Architecture from The Royal College of Art in London. From their first studio in Trellick Tower in London, Barber and Osgerby designed their first piece, the Loop Table, produced by Isokon in 1997. The table brought them to the attention of Guilio Cappellini and hailed the beginning of a long working relationship with the renowned Italian furniture producer.
Much of Barber and Osgerby’s early work involved the folding and shaping of sheet material, influenced by the white card that they had used frequently in architectural model making. Plywood and perspex were used in the development of the Pilot Table, 1999, and Stencil Screen, 2000. The experimental Hula Stool, 2001, originated from sheet plywood, reassembled to create complex, compound curves. The Shell Table, 2002, (nominated for the Compasso d’Oro) and Shell Chair, were further structural studies in plywood.
In 2002 the pair were asked to design furniture for Portsmouth Cathedral in England and in 2004 were awarded the Jerwood Applied Arts Prize. This led to a commission to design new pieces for the De La Warr Pavilion in Bexhill On Sea. One of the resulting pieces, a die cast aluminium chair is now in the collection at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London.
The Zero-In table was produced by British company, Established & Sons, in 2005 as part of their launch collection. The table employed car industry techniques in its construction, never before used in the furniture industry. In 2007 Barber and Osgerby were commissioned to design the furniture for the reception of the Royal Institute of British Architects in Portland Place. They were made Royal Designers for Industry by the Royal Society of Arts in the same year.
The limited edition Iris tables were created in 2008 for the Established & Sons gallery. Known for their use of colour, with Iris Barber and Osgerby developed a new direction, using colour as the starting point for the work. The same year saw the launch of Tab for Flos, a return to the folded form, and in 2009, Barber and Osgerby launched their first major commission for Murano glassmakers, Venini. This resulted in a series of unique, large-scale glass vases, created in limited editions and shown in Milan, Porto Cervo and London.
2010 saw the creation of an investigational installation at the Milan Salone del Mobile Internazionale and an exploration into experimental objects and environments. The installation was an immersive, anechoic space engineered to eliminate ambient sounds and concentrate the senses on the soundscape created by the designers through prototype speaker lights. These objects explored and exploited Sony’s new innovations in sound technology to transform ordinary materials into sound-emitting objects.
The Tip Ton chair and Map table were launched at the Salone del Mobile Internazionale in Milan in 2011 in collaboration with Vitra, Switzerland. The project arose from an investigation into school furniture and how dynamic movement in a chair can aid concentration. The first monograph of the work of Barber and Osgerby was published in May 2011 by Rizzoli New York. Shortly before, Barber and Osgerby were commissioned by The London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games (LOCOG) to design the London 2012 Olympic Torch.
Barber and Osgerby’s research-led practice has developed collections for Cappellini, Magis, Vitra, Venini, Swarovski, Flos and Established & Sons, whilst also producing edition furniture and one-off works for both private and public commissions. Both professors of design, Barber and Osgerby have lectured internationally and hosted workshops at Ecal, Switzerland and the Vitra Design Museum. Their work is held in permanent collections around the world including the V&A Museum, London; the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Design Museum, London; the Art Institute of Chicago and the Indianapolis Museum of Art.
See Barber Osgerby's work at barberosgerby.com
© Design Museum
Q. How did you meet and start working together?
A. We both studied at the Royal College of Art and our collaboration came through friendship but lead very quickly to real projects. We realised very early on that we had a shared affinity and passion for design.
Q. Does each of you play a distinctive role in the design process?
A. One of us will put forward an idea, the other one will react to the idea, possibly changing the direction completely. The idea goes back and forth, the process starts and this is how we work, a process of tacking, through which the design evolves. The definitive sketches that result from this become models and then prototypes. This dialogue continues even after a product has left the production line. A project is never mentally left alone.
Q. How did each of you first become interested in design?
Jay: An interest in design grew from a love of drawing and making things as a child. Growing up in Oxford allowed regular visits to the University museums. I found the crafted artefacts there deeply inspiring. I was interested in being a painter, sculptor or architect, I was unaware of ‘design’ as a profession then.
Edward: My first awareness of design came at an early age through sailing. I admired the streamlined and complex curves of wooden boat hulls and was fascinated by the craftsmanship they entailed. It was also my first introduction to plywood - using wood in sheets was rather intriguing. I felt the urge to be able to design things of equal beauty and simplicity.
Q. What was the influence of your design education?
Jay: Ravensbourne taught me how to make complex things, about processes and about materials. It made me aware of detail and gave me an appreciation of beautifully manufactured objects. I studied at Les Ateliers in Paris with the Erasmus program in 1991 and was confounded by the French approach to design. I was used to real pace in projects and a huge emphasis on the process of design development. The French students were in love with the big idea - the romance of the concept above all else. It was very useful for me to experience the pragmatic, professional approach in London and the romantic artisan approach in Paris.
At the RCA I enjoyed the collaborative opportunities that a multidisciplinary environment presents. We involved several other students in our initial projects and today try to engender that atmosphere in our own studios.
Edward: I seem to remember spending a lot of my degree life-drawing and taking photos – both of which have been invaluable tools ever since as both disciplines teach you to look at things in depth, objects change the more you look at them.
Q. Which of your early projects were most important in establishing your reputation as designers?
A. The Loop Table was the first piece of furniture that we designed and put into production. It has proved to be the most important piece so far. Originally produced in the UK by Isokon, it was spotted by Giulio Cappellini and included in Cappellini’s collection at the Salone in April 1998. That established a regular work relationship with Cappellini leading to many pieces being designed for him, indirectly leading to many of our current and recent projects for other manufacturers. The Loop Table is now in the permanent collections of the V&A Museum in London and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Q. How has your approach to design evolved since then?
A. When we started the excitement was in creating new shapes and working with materials we hadn't used before. Now the focus has moved towards designing objects that really have a purpose and some projects, like the Levis hanger, are extremely precise in their requirements. Inevitably projects grow in complexity as knowledge grows and that’s why early projects have that naive simplicity and true spirit.
Q. What are your goals as designers?
A. We believe that every project has to have a spirit of innovation. When we are commissioned to design a product we seek to re-evaluate the architype, to challenge precedents.
We always look at different ways in which products can be manufactured, not necessarily by using new materials or radical re-thinking, but maybe by using existing techniques in a more original or intelligent way.
Q. What inspires your work?
Jay: Inspiration comes when I have peace and quiet or when I am extremely busy. Travelling provokes thought and reflection and sometimes inspiration. In the same way, and again at polar opposites, I find that hand-crafted objects are often as inspiring to me as super technical things.
Edward: The rigorous design of strictly functional objects in nautical and aeronautical design is truly inspiring. Being in a quiet place, preferably near the sea, is where I’m best at formulating ideas. Jay and I regularly stay in a remote house on the Welsh Coast to work on new projects. The isolation seems to focus the mind.
Q. When design historians look back at this era, will they consider it to be an exciting period?
Jay: We are in a period where more is being produced than ever. Historians will no doubt judge this era as the time when consumption finally acknowledged ecology and global responsibility. It is important for us all as designers to design objects that will have a long life, physically strong and emotionally desired.
Edward: Historically designers/architects went straight to work in the studio of an established name for years, now designers are experimenting and making straight from college which gives a hugely diverse and interesting range of work. Also, large manufacturers are increasingly prepared to take a gamble on students and graduates on the merit of their work rather than relying on proven track record of established designers, which gives further opportunities to young designers.
Q. Which of your design projects have you found most satisfying – and why?
A. All of our projects have been satisfying in one-way or another but the Levi's project was a real challenge. Levi’s needed a hanger design that could maximise the expression of the three dimensional nature of their new garments (the Engineered Jeans range launched in 1999). They needed an inexpensive solution and a design that could be easily shipped to their 9000 stores worldwide. All within a six-month project programme.
Jackets and shirts are displayed on a curved hanger, which mimics the broad shape of the human shoulder but only uses the same amount of material as a conventional coat hanger. Their shape means that many hangers can be stacked together to minimise volume for storage and delivery.
We discovered that if the jeans were hung front to back they also took on a three-dimensional look – however this involved persuading Levi’s to sew loops into all their jeans for the hanger to work. After some persuasion they did this, and still do to this day.
Being able to deliver on a project like this with a precise brief in such a short time is a rewarding experience.
Q. How did the Portsmouth bench project come about? What would you identify as the most innovative or distinctive elements of the bench?
A. We were asked to design new furniture for St. Thomas’ Cathedral in Portsmouth, as part of an ongoing programme of renovation, which began in the early 1990s and includes work by Patrick Caulfield and Langland & Bell.
The only definitive criterion for the pieces was that they be made of oak. Solid oak is heavy and one key requirement for the furniture was that it be light and easily manoeuvrable. These two apparently conflicting demands were resolved by the engineering of the design, resulting in the slender form of the bench, the delicacy of which belies its strength.
Q. Similarly how did the Home table come about? And what are its most distinctive elements?
A. The Home table was an exercise in reduction. We wanted to design a dining table that through its simple form would express the intrinsic quality of its material. We designed it to be made in raw oak to emphasise its tactility. Its simple form belies the traditional woodworking methods used in its construction. The legs have the appearance of being made from a solid piece of oak but are actually made from planks.
© Design Museum
Visit the Designs of the Year blog designsoftheyear.com
© Design Museum
Basso & Brooke Coca-Cola BarberOsgerby &made Oscar Medley Whitfield + Harry Trimble Alvar Aalto Tomás Alonso Aluminium Anglepoise Pascal Anson Ron Arad Archigram Art and Craft Movement Assa Ashuach Solange Azagury - Partridge Shin + Tomoko Azumi Maarten Baas Georg Baldele Jonathan Barnbrook Luis Barragán Saul Bass Mathias Bengtsson Sebastian Bergne Tim Berners-Lee Flaminio Bertoni Jurgen Bey Biba Derek Birdsall Manolo Blahnik Leopold + Rudolf Blaschka Andrew Blauvelt Penguin Books Irma Boom Tord Boontje Ronan + Erwan Bouroullec Marcel Breuer Daniel Brown Robert Brownjohn Isambard Kingdom Brunel R. Buckminster Fuller Sam Buxton Fernando + Humberto Campana Matthew Carter Achille Castiglioni Hussein Chalayan David Chipperfield Wells Coates Paul Cocksedge Luigi Colani Joe Colombo Committee Concorde Terence Conran Hilary Cottam matali crasset Michael Cross + Julie Mathias Wim Crouwel Joshua Davis Robin + Lucienne Day Christian Dior Tom Dixon Doshi Levien Christopher Dresser Droog Charles + Ray Eames Ergonomics Luis Eslava Established and Sons Industrial Facility Alan Fletcher Norman Foster FUEL Future Systems John Galliano Abram Games Giles Gilbert Scott Ernö Goldfinger Kenneth Grange Graphic Thought Facility Eileen Gray Konstantin Grcic The Guardian Martí Guixé Zaha Hadid Stuart Haygarth Ambrose Heal Thomas Heatherwick Simon Heijdens Jamie Hewlett James Irvine Alec Issigonis Jonathan Ive Arne Jacobsen Jaguar James Jarvis Nadine Jarvis Experimental Jetset Craig Johnston Hella Jongerius Louis Kahn Kerr Noble Jock Kinneir + Margaret Calvert Onkar Singh Kular Max Lamb Lawrence Lek Julia Lohmann Christian Louboutin Ross Lovegrove Berthold Lubetkin M/M Finn Magee Enzo Mari Peter Marigold Michael Marriott The MARS Group Aston Martin J. Mays Müller+Hess Edward McKnight Kauffer Alexander McQueen Matthias Megyeri David Mellor Memphis Mevis en Van Deursen Reginald Mitchell Maureen Mooren + Daniel van der Velden Eelko Moorer Jasper Morrison Jean Muir Khashayar Naimanan Yugo Nakamura Marc Newson Isamu Noguchi norm Chris O'Shea Foreign Office Architects Verner Panton James Paterson Phyllis Pearsall Charlotte Perriand Frank Pick Amit Pitaru Plywood Gio Ponti Cedric Price Jean Prouvé Ernest Race Dieter Rams Charles Rennie Mackintosh Rockstar Games Richard Rogers Stefan Sagmeister Peter Saville Freyja Sewell Jerszy Seymour Percy Shaw Hiroko Shiratori Tim Simpson Cameron Sinclair Paul Smith Alison + Peter Smithson Ettore Sottsass Constance Spry Superstudio Yuri Suzuki Ed Swan Richard Sweeney Timorous Beasties London Transport Philip Treacy Jop van Bennekom Sarah van Gameren Viable Vivienne Westwood Matthew Williamson Robert Wilson Ben Wilson Philip Worthington Frank Lloyd Wright Michael Young